Australia v Ireland IRS Game One Highlights
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Australian football contesting a Highest Nicknames Football, footy, Aussie rules, AFL First played May 1859 in, Australia Registered players 1,404,176 2016 Clubs 25,770 2016 Characteristics Contact Team members 22 18 onfield Mixed gender Yes Type Outdoor Equipment Glossary Presence Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a played between two teams of eighteen players on anoften a modified.
Points are scored by kicking the between the opposing goal posts worth six points or behind posts worth one point.
The team with the highest score at the end of the match wins unless a is declared.
During general play, players may position themselves anywhere on the field and use any part of their bodies to move the ball.
The primary methods areand running with the ball.
There are rules on how the ball can be handled: for example, players running with the ball must intermittently.
Throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught.
A distinctive feature of the game is thewhere players anywhere on the field who catch a ball from a kick with specific conditions are awarded possession.
Possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when a or mark is paid.
Players can using their hands or use their whole body to opponents.
Dangerous physical contact such asinterference when marking and deliberately slowing the play are discouraged with free kicks, or for a certain number of matches, depending on the seriousness of the infringement.
The game features frequent physical contests,fast movement of both players and the ball and high scoring.
The can be traced to football matches played inin 1858, inspired by.
Seeking to develop a game more suited to adults and Australian conditions, the published the first in May 1859, making it the oldest of the world's major football codes.
Australian football has the highest spectator attendance and television viewership of all sports in Australia, while the AFLthe sport's only fully professional competition, is the nation's wealthiest sporting body.
Its annual is the.
The sport is also played at and in.
The game's are governed by the with the advice of the AFL's Laws of the Game Committee.
Further information: Australian rules football is known by several nicknames, including Aussie rules, football and footy.
In some regions, it is marketed as AFL after the.
The plaque reads that Wills "did more than any other person — as a footballer and umpire, co-writer of the rules and promoter of the game — to develop Australian football during its first decade.
Compared to andfootball was viewed as a minor "amusement" at the time, and while little is known about these early one-off games, it is clear they share no causal link with Australian football.
In 1858, in a move that would help to shape Australian football in its formative years, public schools inbegan organising football games inspired by.
The earliest such match, held in on 15 June, was between and St Kilda Grammar.
On 10 July 1858, the Melbourne-based published a letter bycaptain of thecalling for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter.
Born in Australia, Wills played a nascent form of whilst a pupil at in England, and returned to his homeland a star athlete and cricketer.
His letter is regarded by many historians as giving impetus for the development of a new code of football today known as Australian football.
Two weeks later, Wills' friend, cricketerposted an advertisement for a at the adjoining the MCG.
This was the first of several "kickabouts" held that year involving members of theincluding Wills, Bryant, and.
Trees were used as goalposts and play typically lasted an entire afternoon.
Without an agreed upon code of laws, some players were guided by rules they had learned in the British Isles, "others by no rules at all".
Another significant milestone in 1858 was a match played under experimental rules between Melbourne Grammar andheld at the Richmond Paddock.
This 40-a-side contest, umpired by Wills and Scotch College teacherbegan on 7 August and continued over two subsequent Saturdays, ending in a draw with each side kicking one goal.
It is commemorated with a statue outside the MCG, and the two schools have competed annually ever since in thethe world's.
Since the early 20th century, it has been suggested that Australian football was derived from the Irish sport ofwhich was not codified until 1885.
There is no archival evidence in favour of a Gaelic influence, and the style of play shared between the two modern codes was evident in Australia long before the Irish game evolved in a similar direction.
Another theory, first proposed in 1983, posits that Wills, having grown up amongst in Victoria, may have seen or played the Aboriginal game ofand incorporated some of its features into early Australian football.
This evidence for this is only circumstantial, and according to biographer Greg de Moore's research, Wills was "almost solely influenced by his experience at Rugby School".
The following year, on 14 May, the officially came into being, making it one of the world's.
Three days later, Wills, Hammersley, Thompson and teacher met near the MCG at the Parade Hotel, owned by Bryant, and drafted ten rules:.
These are the laws from which Australian football evolved.
The document was signed by the rule-framers and three other club office bearers: Alex Bruce, T.
The club's stated aim was to create a simple code that was suited to the hard playing surfaces around Melbourne, and to eliminate the roughest aspects of English school games—such as "hacking" shin-kicking in Rugby School football—to lessen the chance of injuries to working men.
In another significant departure from English public school football, the Melbourne rules omitted any.
The rules were distributed throughout the colony; Thompson in particular did much to promote the new code in his capacity as a journalist.
Australian football's date of codification predates that of any other major football code, including codified in 1863 and codified in 1871.
The MCG and its first pavilion are visible in the background, as are kick-off posts, the forerunner of today's behind posts.
Following Melbourne's lead, and also formed football clubs in 1859.
While many early Victorian teams participated in one-off matches, most had not yet formed clubs for regular competition.
A side devised its own rules.
To ensure the supremacy of the Melbourne rules, the first-club level competition in Australia, the Caledonian Society's 1861—64stipulated that only the Melbourne rules were to be used.
This law was reinforced by the Athletic Sports Committee ASCwhich ran a variation of the Challenge Cup in 1865—66.
With input from other clubs, the rules underwent several minor revisions, establishing a uniform code known as "Victorian rules".
In 1866, the "first distinctively Victorian rule", thewas formalised at a meeting of club delegates chaired byan influential pioneer who took up football in 1859 at the invitation of Wills, his cousin.
The game around this time was defensive and low-scoring, played low to the ground in congested rugby-style scrimmages.
The typical match was a 20-per-side affair, played with a ball that was roughly spherical, and lasted until a team scored two goals.
The shape of the playing field was not standardised; matches often took place in rough, tree-spotted public parks, most notably the Richmond Paddockknown colloquially as the Melbourne Football Ground.
Wills argued that the turf of cricket fields would benefit from being trampled upon by footballers in winter, and, as early as 1859, football was allowed on the MCG.
However, cricket authorities frequently prohibited football on their grounds until the 1870s, when they saw an opportunity to capitalise on the sport's growing popularity.
Football gradually adapted to an oval-shaped field, and most grounds in Victoria expanded to accommodate the dual purpose—a situation that continues to this day.
In 1877, the sport's firstthe SAFA and the VFAformed on 30 April and 17 May respectively.
The game was introduced to in 1877 and in 1881, where it took hold during.
By the 1880s, Australian football had become the prevailing football code in Australia's southern and western colonies, and experienced a period of dominance in Queensland, where, like in areas of New South Wales, it struggled to thrive, largely due to the spread ofand the lack of strong local governing bodies.
In the case ofdenial of access to grounds, the influence of university headmasters from Britain who favoured rugby, and the loss of players to other codes inhibited the game's growth.
In 1879, the first took place in Melbourne between andand clubs began touring the colonies.
By this stage, the sport had become the first code of football to develop mass spectator appeal, with important matches drawing world record attendances for sports viewing.
New rules such as led to a "golden era" of fast, long-kicking and football in the 1880s, a time which also saw the rise ofparticularly in Western Australia and Victoria, and players such as achieve superstardom.
Australian football was now widely referred to as "the people's game".
Later joined by andthe clubs formed the VFLwhich held.
The VFL's popularity grew rapidly as it made several innovations, such as instituting a finals system, reducing teams from 20 to 18 players, and introducing the as a score.
Both World War I and World War II had a devastating effect on Australian football and on Australian sport in general.
While scratch matches were played by Australian "" in remote locations around the world, the game lost many of its great players to wartime service.
Some clubs and competitions never fully recovered.
Between 1914 and 1915, of Australian football andthe predominant code of football in New South Wales and Queensland, was trialed without success.
World War I saw the game in New Zealand go into recess for three quarters of a century.
In Queensland, the state league went into recess for the duration of the war.
VFL club University left the league and went into recess due to severe casualties.
The WAFL lost two clubs and the SANFL was suspended for one year in 1916 due to heavy club losses.
Queensland in the at the.
The role of the ANFC was primarily to govern the game at aussie rules scores national level and to facilitate interstate representative and club competition.
The ANFC ran thethe first national club competition, which commenced in 1888 and saw clubs from different states compete on an even playing field.
Although clubs from other states were at times invited, the final was almost always between the premiers from the two strongest state competitions of the time—South Australia and Victoria—and the majority of matches were played in Adelaide at the request of the.
The last match was aussie rules scores in 1976, with being the last non-Victorian winner in 1972.
Between 1976 and 1987, the ANFC, and later the Australian Football Championships AFC ran awhich invited clubs and representative sides from around the country to participate in a knock-out tournament parallel to the premiership seasons, which Victorian sides still dominated.
With the lack of international competition, state representative matches were regarded with great importance.
The Australian Football Council co-ordinated regular interstate carnivals, including theheld in Melbourne in 1908 to celebrate the game's bicentenary.
Due in part to the VFL poaching talent from other states, Victoria dominated interstate matches for three quarters of a century.
This instantly broke Victoria's stranglehold over state titles and Western Australia and South Australia began to win more of their games against Victoria.
Both New South Wales and Tasmania scored surprise victories at home against Victoria in 1990.
Traditionally held at the MCG, the Grand Final is the.
The term "", named after VFL starwas coined by scholar Ian Turner in 1978 to describe the "fictitious geographical barrier" separating large parts of New South Wales and Queensland which predominately followed rugby from the rest of the country, where Australian football reigned.
It became a reference point for the expansion of Australian football and for establishing a national league.
The way the game was played had changed dramatically due to innovative coaching tactics, with the phasing out of many of the game's kicking styles and the increasing use of handball; while presentation was influenced by television.
In 1982, in a move that heralded big changes within the sport, one of the original VFL clubs, South Melbourne, relocated to Sydney and aussie rules scores known as the.
In the late 1980s, due to the poor financial standing of many of the Victorian clubs, the VFL pursued a more national competition.
Two more non-Victorian clubs, andjoined the league in 1987.
In their early years, the Sydney and Brisbane clubs struggled both on and off-field because the substantial TV revenues they generated by playing on a Sunday went to the VFL.
To protect these revenues the VFL granted significant draft concessions and financial aid to keep the expansion clubs competitive.
Each club was required to pay a licence fee which allowed the Victorian-based clubs to survive.
The VFL changed its name to the AFL for theand over the next decade, three non-Victorian clubs gained entry: 19911995 and the SANFL's 1997the only pre-existing club outside Victoria to join the league.
In 2011 and 2012 respectively, two new non-Victorian clubs were added to the competition: and.
The AFL, currently with 18 member clubs, is the sport's elite competition and most powerful body.
Following the emergence of the AFL, state leagues were quickly relegated to a second-tier status.
The VFA merged with the former VFL reserves competition in 1998, adopting the VFL name.
State of Origin also declined in importance, especially after an increasing number of player withdrawals.
The AFL turned its focus to the annual against Ireland in 1998 before abolishing State of Origin the following year.
State and territorial leagues still contest interstate matches, as do AFL Women players.
Although a is ongoing, the AFL's focus has been on expanding into markets outside Australian football's traditional heartlands.
The AFL regularly schedules pre-season exhibition matches in all Australian states and territories as part of the.
The AFL signalled further attempts at expansion in the 2010s by hosting home-and-away matches in New Zealand, followed by China.
The field, like the ball, is oval-shaped, and in Australia, are often used.
No more than 18 players of each team are permitted to be on the field at any time.
Up to four reserve players may be swapped for those on the field at any time during the game.
Inthese players wait for substitution "on the bench"—an area with a row of seats on the sideline.
Players must interchange through a designated interchange "gate" with strict penalties for too many players from one team on the field.
In addition, some leagues like the AFL have each team designate one player as a substitute who can be used to make a single permanent exchange of players during a game.
There is no nor are there set positions in the rules; unlike many other forms of football, players from both teams may disperse across the whole field before the start of play.
However, a typical on-field structure consists of sixsix or "backmen" and sixusually twoone and threeincluding aand.
Only four players from each team are allowed within the centre square 50 metres 55 yd at every centre bounce, which occurs at the commencement of each quarter, and to restart the game after a goal is scored.
There are also other rules pertaining to allowed player positions during set plays that is, after a mark or free kick and during kick-ins following the scoring of a behind.
At the professional level, each quarter consist of 20 minutes of play, with the clock being stopped for instances such as scores, the ball going out of bounds or at the umpire's discretion, e.
Lower grades of competition might employ shorter quarters of play.
The umpire signals time-off to stop the clock for various reasons, such as the player in possession being tackled into stagnant play.
Time resumes when the umpire signals time-on or when the ball is brought into play.
Stoppages cause quarters to extend approximately 5—10 minutes beyond the 20 minutes of play.
The official game clock is available only to the timekeeper sand is not displayed to the players, umpires or spectators.
The only public knowledge of game time is when the timekeeper sounds a siren at the start and end of each quarter.
Coaching staff may monitor the game time themselves and convey information to players via on-field trainers or substitute players.
Broadcasters usually display an approximation of the official game time for television audiences, although some will now show the exact time remaining in a quarter.
Unsourced material may be challenged and.
May 2012 Some of the important skills of Australian football.
Clockwise from upper left: prepares to handball, takes atacklesexecutes a drop punt.
Games are officiated by.
Before the game, the winner of a determines which directions the teams will play to begin.
Australian football begins after the firstwhen the umpire or throws it into the air if the condition of the ground is poorand the two typically the tallest players from each team battle for the ball in the air on its way back down.
This is known as the ball-up.
Certain disputes during play may also be settled with a ball-up from the point of contention.
If the ball is kicked or hit from a ball-up or boundary throw-in over the boundary line or into a behind post without the ball bouncing, a free kick is paid for.
A free kick is also paid if the ball is deemed by the umpire to have been.
If the ball travels out of bounds in any other circumstances for example, contested play results in the ball being knocked out of bounds a boundary umpire will stand with his back to the infield and return the ball into play with a throw-in, a high backwards toss back into the field of play.
The ball can be propelled in any direction by way of a foot, clenched fist called a or handpass or open-hand tap but it cannot be thrown under any circumstances.
Once a player takes possession of the ball he must dispose of it by either kicking or handballing it.
Any other method of disposal is illegal and will result in a to the opposing team.
This is usually called "incorrect disposal", "dropping the ball" or "throwing".
If the ball is not in the possession of one player it can be moved on with any part of the body.
A player may run with the ball, but it must be at least once every 15 metres.
Opposition players may or the player to obtain the ball and, when tackled, the player must dispose of the ball cleanly or risk being penalised for.
The ball carrier may only be tackled between the shoulders and knees.
If the opposition player forcefully contacts a player in the back while performing a tackle, the opposition player will be penalised for a.
If the opposition tackles the player with possession below the knees a low tackle or a trip or above the shoulders a high tacklethe team with possession of the football gets a free kick.
If a player takes possession of the ball that has travelled more than 15 metres 16 yd from another player's kick, by way of a catch, it is claimed as a meaning that the game stops while he prepares to kick from the point at which he marked.
Alternatively, he may choose to "play on" forfeiting the set shot in the hope of pressing an advantage for his team rather than allowing the opposition to reposition while he prepares for the free kick.
Once a player has chosen to play on, normal play resumes and the player who took the mark is again able to be tackled.
There are different depending on how the ball is held in the hand.
The most common style of kicking seen in today's game, principally because of its superior accuracy, is thewhere the ball is dropped from the hands down, almost to the ground, to be kicked so that the ball rotates in a reverse end over end motion as it travels through the air.
Other commonly used kicks are the also known as the spiral, barrel, or screw puntwhere the ball is held flatter at an angle across the body, which makes the ball spin around its long axis in the air, resulting in extra distance similar to the traditional motion of anand the or "banana", kicked across the ball with the outside of the foot used to curve the ball towards the right if kicked off the right foot towards targets that are on an angle.
There is also the "snap", which is almost the same as a checkside punt except that it is kicked off the inside of the foot and curves in the opposite direction.
It is also possible to kick the ball so that it bounces along the ground.
This is known as a "grubber".
Grubbers can bounce in a straight line, or curve to the left or right.
Apart from free kicks, marks or when the ball is in the possession of an umpire for a ball up or throw in, the ball is always in dispute and any player from either side can take possession of the ball.
A goal, worth 6 points, is scored when the football is propelled through the goal posts at any height including above the height of the posts by way of a kick from the attacking team.
It may fly through "on the full" without touching the ground or bounce through, but must not have been touched, on the way, by any player from either team.
A goal cannot be scored from the foot of an opposition defending player.
A behind, worth 1 point, is scored when the ball passes between a goal post and a behind post at any height, or if the ball hits a goal post, or if any player sends the ball between the goal posts by touching it with any part of the body other than a foot.
A behind is also awarded to aussie rules scores attacking team if the ball touches any part of an opposition player, including his foot, before passing between the goal posts.
When an opposition player deliberately scores a behind for the attacking team generally as a last resort to ensure that a goal is not scored this is termed a.
As of thea free kick is awarded against any player who deliberately rushes a behind.
The signals a goal with two hands pointed forward at elbow height, or a behind with one hand.
The goal umpire then waves flags above their heads to confirm the goal or behind to the goal umpire at the opposite end of the ground.
The team that has scored the most points at the end of play wins the game.
If the scores are level on points at the end of play, then the game is a draw; extra time applies only during finals matches in some competitions.
As an example of a score report, consider a match between and with the former as the home team.
Essendon's score of 11 goals and 14 behinds equates to 80 points.
Melbourne's score of 10 goals and 7 behinds equates to a 67-point tally.
Essendon wins the match by a margin of 13 points.
Such a result would be written as: " 11.
Additionally, it can be said that: "Essendon defeated Melbourne by thirteen points".
The home team is typically listed first and the visiting side is listed second.
The scoreline is written with respect to the home side.
For example, won in successive weeks, once as the home side and once as the visiting side.
These would be written out thus: " 23.
In thethe game is sometimes played in the October to March.
Pre-season competitions in usually begin in late February.
The AFL is recognised by the as being the National Sporting Organisation for Australian Football.
Most of these hold annual semi-professional club competitions while the others oversee more than one league.
Local semi-professional or amateur organisations and competitions are often affiliated to their state organisations.
The AFL is aussie rules scores world governing body for Australian football.
There are also a number of affiliated organisations governing.
For almost all Australian football club competitions the aim is to win the Premiership.
The premiership is always decided by a finals series.
The teams that occupy the highest positions on the ladder after the home-and-away season play off in a "semi-knockout" finals series, culminating in a single match to determine the premiers.
Typically between four and eight teams contest the finals series.
The team which finishes first on the ladder after the home-and-away season is referred to as a "", but this usually holds little stand-alone significance, other than receiving a better draw in the finals.
Many suburban and amateur leagues have a sufficient number of teams to be played across several tiered divisions, with of the lower division premiers and of the upper division's last placed team at the end of each year.
At present, none of the top level national or state level leagues in Australia are large enough to warrant this structure.
It was the case in the 19th-century, as it is in modern times, that women made up approximately half of crowds at Australian football matches—a far greater proportion than soccer and the two rugby codes.
This has been attributed in part to the character of Australian football's origins in public parks where women could mingle freely and aussie rules scores the game in various ways.
In 2016, over 380,000 women played in organised games across Australia.
The is women's football's state of origin competition.
On the back of the inaugural AFL Women's Draft in 2013 and a series of exhibition matches at the MCG, the AFL stated that, by 2020, it would like to establisha semi-professional, nationally televised women's league.
A surge in viewing interest and participation in women's football prompted the AFL to push the founding date of the competition to 2017.
These include played by children aged between 5 and 12and its variants and, handball and longest-kick competitions.
Players outside of Australia sometimes engage in related games adapted to available fields, like played on gridiron fields and played on rugby fields.
One such prominent check this out in use since 2018 isa shortened variation of the game with seven players a side, played on a -sized pitch.
The first international rules matches were contested in Ireland during the 1967.
Since then, various sets of compromise rules aussie rules scores been trialed, and in 1984 the commenced with national representative sides selected by Australia's state leagues later by the AFL and the GAA.
The competition became an annual event in 1998, but was postponed indefinitely in 2007 when the GAA pulled out due to Australia's severe and aggressive style of play.
It resumed in Australia in 2008 under new rules to protect the player with the ball.
Today, the sport is played at an amateur level in throughout the world.
Twenty countries participated in the and 23 countries have participated in the with both competitions prohibiting Australian players.
Over 20 countries have either affiliation or working agreements with the AFL.
There have been manyan increasing number of which have been recruited through initiatives such as the and more recently, international scholarship programs.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the game spread with the to areas such as New Zealand and South Africa; however this growth went into rapid decline following World War I.
After World War II, the sport experienced a small amount of growth in the Pacific region, particularly in where Australian football is the as well as and.
Most of the current amateur clubs and leagues in existence have developed since the 1980s, when leagues began to be established inand.
The sport developed a cult following in the when matches were broadcast on the then-fledgling network in the 1980s.
As the size of the Australian diaspora has increased, so has the number of clubs outside Australia.
This expansion has been further and assisted by as well as exposure generated through.
In Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, and the United States there are many thousands of players.
A fan of the sport since attending school in Geelong, is the Patron of.
In 2013, participation across AFL Europe's 21 member nations was more than 5,000 players, the majority of which are European nationals rather than Australian expats.
The sport also has a growing presence in India.
The AFL became the de facto governing body when it pushed for the closure of the in 2002.
Theheld triennially in Melbourne since 2002, is the highest level of international competition.
Although Australian rules football has not yet been a full sport at the Olympic Games or Commonwealth Games, when Melbourne hosted thewhich included the MCG being the main stadium, Australian rules football was chosen as the native sport to be demonstrated as per rules.
On December 7, the sport was demonstrated as an at the MCG between a team of VFL and VFA amateurs and a team of VAFA amateurs professionals were excluded due to the Olympics' strict amateurism policy at the time.
The Duke of Edinburgh was among the spectators for the match, which the VAFA won by 12.
Fleiter coined the phrase "Up there, Cazaly!
It was used as a by Australian soldiers during World War II, and inspired 's 1979 Australian football anthem.
Australian football is a sport rich in tradition and references, especially surrounding the rituals of gameday for players, officials and supporters.
Australian football has been an inspiration for writers and poets includingand.
Paintings by The National Game, 1889 and1946 helped to establish Australian football as a serious subject for artists.
Many have explored the game, often fusing it with the mythology of their region.
Dance sequences based on Australian football feature heavily in 's 1964 ballethis first and most famous work for the.
The game has also inspired well-known plays such as 1963 by and 's 1977which wasdirected by.
Many have been released, most notably the.
Australian football is popular among indigenous communities.
Australian football has attracted more overall interest among Australians as measured by the Sweeney Sports report than any other football code, and, when compared with all sports throughout the nation, has consistently ranked first in the winter reports, and most recently third behind and in summer.
Over 875,000 fans were paying members of AFL clubs in 2016, which is equal to one in every 28 Australians.
The was the year's most-watched television broadcast in Australia, with an in-home audience of up to 6.
In 2006, 615,549 registered participants played Australian football in Australia.
The statistics show a 64% increase in the total number of participants over the 10-year period between 2001 and 2010.
In 2008 there were 35,000 people in 32 countries playing in structured competitions of Australian football outside of Australia.
In that year 136 identities were inducted, including 100 players, 10 coaches, 10 umpires, 10 administrators and six media representatives.
The elite status was bestowed on 12 members of the Hall of Fame in 1996:,,, and.
The Legend status is the highest honour which can be bestowed on an Australian footballer.
The following fourteen members have been promoted to the status of "Legend" since 1996: 1997199819992000200120032005200620072008201020122015 and 2017.
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