Religion in Japan ( 5 stories )
BUDDHISM Young Theravada Buddhist monks in Myanmar Buddhism is the name given relatively recently by Westerners to vast body of teachings attributed to Gautama Siddhartha, The Buddha.
As time went on Gautama Siddhartha was deified into The Buddha and miraculous powers were attributed to him.
Behind vipassana lies the concept that all human beings are sleepwalking through life, their days passing by them in a blur.
Only by slowing down, and concentrating on sensory stimuli alone, can one grasp how the mind works and reach a state of total awareness.
The goal of Buddhism is to reach a transcendent state that completely absorbs the mind and soul and makes the material world meaningless, bringing freedom and peace to the individual worshiper.
It also promotes a code of conduct for the community and the individual that provides a framework for a peaceful society and peace of mind.
It can be argued that Buddhism is a more tolerant and peaceful religion than other major religions such as Islam, Judaism or Christianity.
Buddhist sects have had periods of conflict, but rarely engaged in wars of conquest, Inquisitions, pogroms or persecution.
Today it is not uncommon for Buddhists of different sects to pray buddhism is an offshoot of which other major religion meditate under the same roof.
Buddhism though is not violence free.
In Sri Lanka, the war between the Buddhist majority and a Hindu minority has at times been quite brutal and nasty.
There are three main Buddhist sects: 1 Theravada Buddhism, 2 Mahayana Buddhism, and 3 Vajrayana Tibetan Buddhism and Tantrism.
Websites and Resources: Buddha Net ; Victoria and Albert Museum ; Religious Tolerance Page ; Wikipedia article ; Internet Sacred Texts Archive ; Introduction to Buddhism ; Books: Buddhism Explained by Phra Khantipalo; Buddhism, Imperialism and War by Trevor Ling; Buddhism in the Modern World edited Heinrich Dumoulin; Buddhism in Transition by Donald K.
Also recommended are books by the Dalai Lama, Robert Thurman, a respected Buddhist scholar and former Tibetan Buddhist monk; and Thich Nhat Hanh, a Buddhist monk from Vietnam who has been involved with various anti-war activities.
It is the world's fifth largest religion, behind Christianity with 2.
Of the other six million 3.
The highest concentrations of devout Buddhists are found in Southeast Asia and the Himalayas.
In eastern Asia, many Chinese, Japanese, Koreans and other nationalities, who do not necessarily consider themselves Buddhists, incorporate many Buddhist beliefs into their religious and world view.
Buddhism is also the fastest growing religion among well-educated, white middle class Americans.
Buddhists practices vary from sect to sect.
Some sects have mysterious rituals and expel demons though exorcism.
Others stress asceticism and quiet meditation.
Other still put emphasis on philosophical speculation and community service.
Buddhism developed out Hinduism and absorbed elements of shamanist religions that existed before it.
Elements of these religions live on in within the sects to varying degrees in terms of reverence towards Hindu gods, saints, natural spirits and ghosts.
Theravada Buddhism Theravada Buddhist stupa in Myanmar Theravada Buddhism "doctrine of the elders" is the oldest and most orthodox of Buddhism's three major sects.
It is practiced in Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and the Mekong Delta areas of Vietnam.
It spread from India to Sri Lanka and then to Southeast Asia and remained close to the original Pali canon See Below.
The other 17 schools disappeared when Muslims swept into northern India and destroyed the Buddhist monasteries that existed there.
Theravada Buddhism stresses spirituality, the enlightenment of the individual, self-discipline, the importance or pure thought and deed, the importance of the monastic life and the strict observance of the ancient Vinaya code It has distinct roles for monks and lay people, emphasizes that each individual is responsible for his or her salvation and takes the position that only monks are capable of reaching nirvana.
The three principal aspects of existence are: 1 dukkha suffering, disease and pursuit of desire ; 2 anicca impermanence and the temporary state of all things ; and 3 anatta the illusion of reality.
The guiding principal in Theravada Buddhism is that nothing is permanent and attachment to things will only bring unhappiness and distract one from intrinsic spiritual matters.
Anicca teaches that nothing lasts.
Trying to embrace experiences, states of mind and objects only causes dukkha.
In Theravada Buddhism worship and devotion to persons is frowned buddhism is an offshoot of which other major religion />The offerings of fruit and flowers made are temples are symbols of impermanence not an object of worship.
Chants are not prayers but are reminders of the link of The Buddha, Dharma and the monk community.
Theravada Buddhists insist that Gautama, both as Siddhartha and The Buddha, was a man, not a god or myth or legend, and was subject to the same pain and suffering as other humans but sought a transcendent state beyond human life.
They say The Buddha took a vow aeons ago under the First Buddha to pursue the enlightenment on his own, and was reincarnated hundreds of times in that quest before he became a Buddha.
They view his death as such a complete break from material existence that is he so free from the human world that he no longer exists.
Mahayana Buddhism Mahayana Buddhist pagoda in Japan Mahayana Buddhism encompasses a wide range of philosophical schools, metaphysical beliefs, and practical meditative disciplines.
It is more visit web page and has more followers than Theravada Buddhism and includes Zen and Soka-gakkai Buddhism.
It is practiced primarily in northern half of the Buddhist world: in China, Tibet, Korea, Mongolia, Vietnam and Japan.
Greater is reference to the universality of its doctrines and beliefs as opposed to narrowness of other schools.
Mahayana Buddhism evolved around the A.
It teaches that there is only one path to enlightenment and it is open to all beings; holds Bodhisattvas in great reverence; and places an emphasis on ritualistic practices, sutras and meditation and discourages forming attachments on the basis they are impermanent.
Mahayana spread to more distant lands than Theravada Buddhists because it allowed monks to travel more freely and was able to assimilate and accommodate local religions by using the concept of Bodhisattvas.
Mahayana Buddhists have great reverence for Bodhisttavas, the future Buddha Maitreya and Amitabha, the Buddha of the Western Paradise and the Buddhist equivalent of a savior who helps followers get into "heaven.
The tenets of Mahayana Buddhism are more vague and all-encompassing than the strict tenets of Theravada Buddhism, but its followers often conform to a very regimented routine as is the case with Zen.
Mahayana Buddhists believe that salvation is accessible to all those who have faith and regard their religion as a way of life that can be embraced by any one.
They also enjoy philosophical discussion and intellectual gymnastics and enlist the help of female deities and magical forces and worship a pantheon of gods, Buddhas and Bodhisattvas.
Mahayana Buddhists see The Buddha as the sum total of everything there is; discount his historical personage; view his life on earth in magical and transcendent terms; and have Bodhisattvas and Buddhas that address issues important to ordinary people.
The Supreme Buddha became an all http://the-best-casinos-en.win/parking/scooby-doo-mystery-machine-parking-game.html force that pervaded every part of the universe, like a creator God.
Its followers a number of mythologies and ontological doctrines.
Differences Between Mahayana Buddhist and Theravada Buddhists Mahayana Buddhists claim their doctrines are rooted in early teachings of Buddha and say they do not reject the beliefs of Theravada Buddhism, but have just expanded on them.
Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism differ greatly on the matter of Bodhisattvas.
Mahayana Buddhists recognize many of them as well as many Buddhas.
Theravada Buddhists recognize just one, The Buddha.
Tantrism and Tibetan Buddhism Tibetan Buddhist monks Tibetan Buddhism is a syncretic mix of Mahayana Buddhism, Tantrism and local pantheistic religions, particularly the Bon religion.
Its organization, public practices and activities are coordinated mainly by monasteries associated with temples.
Religious authority is in the hands of priests called lamas.
Tantrism is sometimes regarded as one of the three major sects of Buddhism along with Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism.
Originally from India, it is a highly ritualistic religion that combines beliefs in magic and esoteric philosophy and emphasizes mystic symbols, sacred chants, and other esoteric devotional techniques.
It is usually associated with Tibetan Buddhism and Hinduism.
Tantric Buddhism is often called Vajrayana "thunderbolt vehicle".
In Tibet, it is heavily influenced by the ancient Bon religion,which used shaman to dispel demons and appease the gods, and incorporates a number of mudras "ritual postures"mantras "sacred speech"yantras "sacred art" and secret initiation rites.
Most of the ritual objects and images of deities used in Tibetan Buddhism are derived from Tantrism.
The techniques are generally continue reading written down but passed orally from master to student.
Tantrism emerged around A.
It put forth the idea that all human states and conditions, even one traditionally regarded as polluting, were connected and things such as desire and wrath could be viewed as being on the same plane with love and righteousness.
Tantrism is seen by some as a complex union of Hinduism and Buddhism: incorporating different offshoots of each religion with folk religious beliefs and combing Hindu gods with Buddhist theology.
It is it not clear whether its early patriarchs were legendary or real.
Under the leadership of its sixth patriarch Hui-neng A.
Zen Buddhism evolved out of the Ch'an School, which was introduced to Japan from China during the Chinese Sung Dynasty in the 10th century by a Chinese monk named Huineng.
Zen initially had a relatively small following and didn't take hold and flourish in Japan until the 12th century.
They aimed for extreme economy and means by trying to get the most meaning possible out of each line and shade to suggest a maximum of intensity, rhythm, special counterpoint and tonal harmony.
For artists painting became a contemplative exercise; for viewers it became a form of meditation.
School of Pure Land The School of Pure Land known is Japan as the School of Pure Thought is another parking at the palms casino las vegas Chinese school of Buddhism.
It emerged about A.
The School of Pure Land is not nearly as strong in China as it once was but it remains one of the largest Buddhist sects in Japan.
The School of Pure Land takes the Mahayana belief in Buddhas or Bodhisattvas a step further than Buddhist traditionalists want to go by giving Bodhisattvas the power to help people attain enlightenment that they otherwise would be unable to attain it on their own.
Some historians believe the School of Pure Land originated in India but there is no definitive proof of this because the oldest known texts are in Chinese not Sanskrit.
Others say the sect was founded by the Chinese monk Hui Yuan A.
In any case as the school became popular in China, images of Buddha and Bodhisattvas acquired Chinese names and statues of the sitting Buddha in meditation and the sleeping Buddha asceticism were raised all over the country.
Other Buddhist Sects See Chinese and Japanese Buddhist Schools Image Sources: Wikimedia Commons.
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